Sharma Centre for Heritage EducationSharma Centre for Heritage Education

Research, Education and Legal Issues in India's Cultural Heritage
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Links to Indian Legislations

This information is based on Acts and Rules published at various times by the Government of India, and comprises only links to official government sources and other legal sources. Legislations are on the official website of the Archaeological Survey of India.These links will lead you there. Alternate links to other websites of importance are also listed.

Acts Directly Related to Heritage 

1.Indian Treasure Trove Act, 1878, (ACT NO. VI OF 1878) (12th February 1878) An Act to amend the law relating to Treasure Trove [As modified upto the 1st September, 1949] 

2.The Ancient Monuments Preservation Act 1904 (VII OF 1904) [As modified upto the 1st September 1949] {For alternate links click here}

3.The Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act 1958 (ACT No. 24 of 1958)  {For alternate links you can click on the UNESCO site or access Bare Acts or access other legal sources}

4.The Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Rules 1959 {or check out other legal sources}



5.The Antiquities and Art Treasures Act, 1972 (Act No. 52 of 1972) {For alternate links you can click on the UNESCO site or access Bare Acts}

6.The Antiquities and Art Treasures Rules 1973


Related Web Links


You can check out links on the UNESCO web site as related to India's legislations

 1. The Bihar Ancient Monuments And Archaeological Sites, Remains and Art Treasures Act 1976

 2. The U.P. Ancient & Historical Monuments and Archaeological Sites & Remains Preservation Act, 1956

 3. Paper on heritage by S. S. Biswas: Protection of Cultural Property Vis-a-vis Indian Antiquarian Legislation and Global Concern


Related Acts which have sections that can be used in relation to legislations that govern cultural heritage. These include:

 1. Customs Act, 1962

 2. Acts governing the Environment. These are related as regards the impact of pollution on monuments and sites, and in many other ways as regards impact of environmental factors as also related to trafficking in wildlife products, etc.

 You can link to Bare Acts for more information on these Acts

 3. Indian Penal Code 1870

 4. Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973.

 5. Foreigners Act, 1946 along with Foreigners Orders, 1948, with Registration of Foreigners Act 1939, and Rules 1992.

Do You Know?

Is your company destroying sites?

Do you possess antiquties?

Can you film at protected monuments?

Research norms for foreign archaeologists




Legal Advise

Contact Us for Legal Advise On Archaeological Legislations in India and Implications in terms of Infrastructure Development and Heritge Conservation