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Shanti Pappu, is the founder/secretary of the Sharma Centre for Heritage Education (Established in 1999), a non-profit educational trust, focusing on research in Indian archaeology, heritage education, culture resource management planning and legislations involving cultural heritage. She completed her M.A degree and doctorate from the Deccan College Post-graduate and Research Institute, Pune (1996) on the prehistoric archaeology of Tamil Nadu, and was subsequently a Homi Bhabha Fellow. She was a Charles Wallace fellow at the Ancient India and Iran Trust, U.K.  She has obtained several awards including the Prof.H.D.Sankalia gold medal from the Deccan College, and Young Scientist award from the Earthwatch Institute, USA amongst others. She holds a law degree with a dissertation on cultural heritage laws of India, and is a registered advocate. She has published two books, and more than 30 research papers in peer-reviewed journals, including Science, as also one book for children on archaeology and several popular articles. She is currently director of the research project on prehistory and palaeoenvironments in Tamil Nadu, including excavations at the site of Attirampakkam, for which funding was granted by the Leakey Foundation and Earthwatch Institute. In collaboration with RRSC-South (Indian Space Research Organisation), the Centre has been developing a management plan for prehistoric sites in Tamil Nadu, using satellite remote sensing and field studies, and comprising impact assessment, predictive modeling and conservation planning. She established the Sharma Children’s Museum currently under renovation as the Kolam Childrens Museum in Chennai. She was consultant to the State Department of Archaeology, Tamil Nadu, and advisor in section on Archaeology and Palaeoecology (proposed) IGBP PAGES PHAROS. She is affiliated to several academic bodies and societies, and is Member, Global Library Committee, World Archaeology Congress, the Joint-Secretary of the Indian Society for Prehistoric and Quaternary Studies and joint editor of the journal Man and Environment. She is on the Board of Management of the Children’s Garden School Society and affiliated schools in Chennai, and is involved in educational programs for children and teachers.










Present Position:


Sharma Centre for Heritage Education,

28, I Main Road, C.I.T Colony,

Mylapore, Chennai 600004


Tel:91-20-26614552, 044-24992069, 09960911103

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Date of Birth

15th October, 1966













High School: La Martiniere for Girls, Kolkata


B.A. degree, University of Madras, Stella Maris college, Chennai


M.A. (Ancient Indian History, Culture and Archaeology): Deccan College Post-graduate and Research Institute, University of Pune


Ph.D. Deccan College Post-graduate and Research Institute, University of Pune, Research Topic: Pleistocene Environments and Stone Age Adaptations in the Kortallaiyar Basin, Tamil Nadu. Research Guide: Prof. K.Paddayya


L.L.B. University of Pune, with a dissertation on Cultural Heritage Laws of India











Excavations at the Palaeolithic site of Attirampakkam, funded by Homi Bhabha Fellowship for Dr. Shanti Pappu from the Homi Bhabha Fellowships Council.



Pleistocene Archaeology and Palaeoenvironments in the Palar Basin, India: Excavations at Attirampakkam funded by the Leakey Foundation, USA. (Principal Investigator: Dr.Shanti Pappu).



Early Man in India-Excavations at Attirampakkam funded by the Earthwatch Institute, USA. (Principal Investigator: Dr.Shanti Pappu).



Community Education in South India, funded by the Earthwatch Institute, USA, and the Communications Technology and Conservation grant funded by Vodafone Group Foundation. (Principal Investigator: Dr.Shanti Pappu).



Children’s Museums and Indian Heritage: New Approaches towards teaching the Past, JRF fellowship for Dr. Shanti Pappu from the Ministry of Culture, Government of India.


2005-2009 (phase 1) and  2009-ongoing (Phase 2)

Satellite Remote Sensing and Prehistoric Archaeology in Tamil Nadu, South India funded by ISRO-GBP (Indian Space Research Institute-GBP Project, Government of India);  in association with Regional Remote Sensing Centre, Bangalore (2005-2009, 1st phase (completed) and 2nd phase: 2009-ongoing). (Principal Investigator: Dr.Shanti Pappu).




From Hunters to Hotels: The Archaeology of Food, exhibition for the IAEVG-JIVA International Conference, 8-10th October, 2010, and funded by Promise Foundation, India.







2002               Consultant (honorary) for the Department of Archaeology, State Government of Tamil Nadu, for advice on excavations at Perur and Mangudi, Tamil Nadu.




2002-2003      Consultant (honorary) for training students/staff of the Department of Archaeology, State Government of Tamil Nadu, during excavations at Attirampakkam in a) excavation methods; b) prehistory.









Qualified for UGC-NET and obtained the Junior Research Fellowship and Lectureship,  University Grants Commission (UGC).



The UGC Senior Research Fellowship



Homi Bhabha Fellowship for conducting research into the prehistoric archaeology of Northern Tamil Nadu


September 2000-January 2001

Charles Wallace Fellow, for conducting research into the life and work of Robert Bruce Foote at the University of Cambridge (U.K.), under the Ancient India and Iran Trust.




Junior Research Fellow, Ministry of Culture, Government of India: 'Children’s Museums and Indian Heritage: New Approaches towards teaching the Past’.
















  1. Founder/Secretary, Sharma Centre for Heritage Education.
  2. Joint Secretary, Indian Society for Prehistoric and Quaternary Studies (ISPQS, India).
  3. Joint Editor: Man and Environment, Journal of the ISPQS (since 2009).
  4. Joint Secretary, International Association for Asian Heritage –IAAH. 
  5. Member, Indian Archaeological Society.
  6. Member, Rock Art Society of India.
  7. Member, the Sontheimer Cultural Association, Pune.
  8. Member, Asian-Australasian Association of Palaeoanthropologist.
  9. Member, The Tamil Nadu Archaeological Society.
  10. Member, World Archaeological Congress and on Global Library Committee, World Archaeology Congress. 
  11. Advisor in section on Archaeology and Palaeoecology (proposed) IGBP PAGES PHAROS.
  12. Registered at the Bar Council of Maharashtra and Goa.








As founder/secretary of the Sharma Centre for Heritage Education (Estd. 1999), I am responsible for building up the Centre's infrastructure and academic development.




Achievements include:




1.                          Development of infrastructure for the Centre in terms of offices in Chennai and Pune, lithics laboratories, library, and associated spaces for research.


2.                          Obtained recognition of the SCHE as a Documentation Resource Centre under the National Mission for Monuments and Antiquities program, Archaeological Survey of India, Government of India.


3.                          Development of research collaborations with the following Institutions in India and abroad:


·         Indian Space Research Organization, ISRO and RRSC-South


·         Physical Research Laboratory, PRL, Ahmedabad,


·         SRM University, Kattankulathur, Tamil Nadu


·         French Institute, Pondicherry,


·         Agharkar Research Institute, Pune;


·         Centre for Ecological Sciences, Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru,


·         Universities of Pondicherry, Mangalore, SRM University, Chennai,


·         CEREGE, Marseille France,


·         University of New York and Williams College, USA,


·         Universite Lumiere Lyon-2, Paris




4.                          Established the Sharma Children's Museum in 1999 (currently under renovation as the Kolam Children's Museum,, in Chennai, through which community heritage education programs and workshops are conducted for children and teachers.


5.                          Organisation of projects on research and obtaining funding from Leakey Foundation, Earthwatch Institute, ISRO, corporate bodies, etc.


6.                          Hosting Fulbright-Nehru fellow (Mr. Daniel Kelin II) in the field of community education in children's theatre and heritage (2010). 


7.                          As member, Board of Management, Children's Garden School Society, Chennai (Estd.1937), I am involved in coordinating programs for education/support of underprivileged children, refugees, destitute women and children with special needs.


8.                          Developing modules for the management and conservation of prehistoric archaeological sites and for monitoring impacts on the same using satellite remote sensing data and field studies in collaboration with Indian Space Research Organisation ISRO/RRSSC-South.


9.                          Training of Dr. Kumar Akhilesh from the Centre, both in India and abroad in lithic technology (France) and in skills with emphasis on computer applications in archaeology in terms of knowledge of GIS and other related software applications. 










Refereed Journals:





1.      Warrier, A.K., K. Sandeep, B.G.Harshavardhana, R.Shankar, Shanti Pappu, Kumar Akhilesh, C.N.Prabhu and Y.Gunnell. 2011. A Rock Magnetic record of Pleistocene Rainfall Variations at the Site of Attirampakkam, Southeastern India, Journal of Archaeological Science,Volume 38 (12):3681-3693.

2.      Shanti Pappu, Kumar Akhilesh, Sudha Ravindranath, Uday Raj 2011. From Stone Tools to Satellites: Recent Research into the Prehistory of Tamil, Ancient India, in press.

3.      Pappu, Shanti, Yanni Gunnell,Kumar Akhilesh, Régis Braucher, Maurice Taieb, François Demory, Nicolas Thouveny, 2011, Early Pleistocene Presence of Acheulian Hominins in South India, Science,  March 25th, 331(6024):1596-1599.

  1. Pappu, Shanti, Kumar Akhilesh, Sudha Ravindranath, Uday Raj and Yanni Gunnell 2010, Research and Management of Palaeolithic resources in Tamil Nadu, South India, Antiquity Project Gallery,
  2. Pappu, Shanti, Kumar Akhilesh, Sudha Ravindranathand Uday Raj 2010. Applications of Satellite Remote Sensing for Research and Heritage Management in Indian prehistory, Journal of Archaeological Science 37:2316–2331.
  3. Pappu, Shanti 2009, Comments on the paper entitled Quaternary Stratigraphy of the Kortallaiyar-Cooum Basins, by Hema Achyuthan and Nagalakshmi Thirunavakarasu, Journal of the Geological Society of India, 73:683-696.

7.      Pappu, Shanti 2008. Prehistoric Antiquities and Personal Lives: The Untold Story of Robert Bruce Foote, Man and Environment, XXXIII(1): 30-50

  1. Arun K. Sreedhar, S. Balakrishnan, Shanti Pappu and Kumar Akhilesh 2008. Clay mineralogical studies of sediments and strontium isotope analyses on calcretes at the prehistoric site of Attirampakkam, Tamil Nadu, Current Science, 94 (6), 2008: 779-786. 
  2. Bonnie A.B. Blackwell,  Andrés Montoya, Joel I.B. Blickstein, Anne R. Skinner, Shanti Pappu, Yanni  Gunnell, Maurice Taieb, Akhilesh Kumar, Joyce Lundburg 2007.  ESR analyses for teeth from the open-air site at Attirampakkam, India: clues to complex U uptake and paleoenvironmental change, Radiation Measurements. (2007), doi: 10.1016/j.radmeas.2007.05.040. 
  3. Gunnell, Y., Rajashekar, C., Pappu, S., Taieb, M. and Kumar, A. 2006. On the Depositional Environment of Lower Palaeolithic Horizons at the Prehistoric Site of Attirampakkam, Tamil Nadu, Current Science, 2006, 91,114-118.
  4. Pappu, Shanti and Sheila Mishra, 2006. International Symposium on Migration and Evolution of Early Humans in the Old World, (Baise-Guangxi, China), Man and Environment XXI (1):126.
  5. Pappu, Shanti and Kumar Akhilesh 2005. Prehistoric Archaeology and Community Education: earning from excavations at Attirampakkam, Tamil Nadu, Humankind, 1:131-145.
  6. Pappu, Shanti, Yanni Gunnell, Maurice Taieb and Kumar Akhilesh 2004. Preliminary Report on Excavations at the Palaeolithic Site of Attirampakkam, Tamil Nadu (1999-2004),  Man and Environment, Volume XXIX (2):1-17.
  7. Pappu, Shanti, Yanni Gunnell, Maurice Taieb, Jean-Philippe Brugal, Yannick    Touchard 2003. Ongoing Excavations at the Palaeolithic Site of Attirampakkam, South India: Preliminary Findings,  Current Anthropology 44(4): 591-597. 
  8. Pappu, Shanti ,Yanni Gunnell, Maurice Taieb, Jean-Philippe Brugal, K. Anupama, Raman Sukumar and Kumar Akhilesh 2003. Excavations at the Palaeolithic Site of Attirampakkam, South India, Antiquity, 77(297) 2003.
  9. Pappu, Shanti  2001. Middle Palaeolithic Stone Tool Technology in the Kortallayar Basin, South India, Antiquity 75, 287:107-117.
  10. Pappu, Shanti 2001. Recent Research Into the Palaeolithic Archaeology of Tamil Nadu, South India, Praehistoria 2:85-96      
  11. Pappu, Shanti 2000. Archaeology in Schools: An Indian Example, Antiquity74(2000): 485-6.
  12. Pappu, Shanti, K.V. Raman and N.C. Ghosh 1999. Archaeology for Children: A Note on the Sharma Children's Museum, Man and Environment  XXIV(2):91-92.
  13. Pappu, Shanti 1999. A Study of Natural Site Formation Processes in the Kortallayar Basin, Tamil Nadu, South India, Geoarchaeology: An International Journal, 14, 2: 127-150.
  14. Pappu, Shanti 1998. Discover India Gallery: The First Internet Site on Indian Archaeology, Archaeological Computing Newsletter, 50: 21.
  15. Pappu, Shanti and Hema Achyutan 1997. Observations on the Geomorphology and Archaeology of Erumaivettipalayam, Red Hills, Tamil Nadu, Man and Environment,XXII(1):87-90.    
  16. Pappu, Shanti 1996. Reinvestigation of the Prehistoric Archaeological Record in the Kortallayar Basin, Tamil Nadu, Man and Environment, XXI (1):1-23.
  17. Pappu, Shanti, A. Kshirsagar and Vijay Sathe 1994. Discovery of a Middle Holocene Sub-Fossil Bone from Tiruvallur Taluk, Chingleput District, Tamil Nadu, Current Science, 67(6):431-433.
  18. Pappu, Shanti, Interview with Dr. Bridget Allchin and Dr. F.R. Allchin, conducted in September 1998, at Garhwal, Srinagar; published on the Discover India Gallery internet site: and in  Man and Environment  XXIII (2): 127-130.
  19.  Pappu, Shanti 1991. Review of the book “Model for Land Use in Late Acheulian Tradition, Satna District, Madhya Pradesh” by Prakash Sinha, 1991, Allahabad: Prayag Pustak Sadan, in Eastern Anthropologist: 424-427.



Non-refereed but recognized and reputable journals and periodicals having ISBN/ISSN numbers:


  1. Pappu, Shanti and Kumar Akhilesh 2003. The Palaeolithic Archaeology of the  Kortallayar river basin,  Tamil Nadu Kalvettu (Publication of the State Department of Archaeology, Government of Tamil Nadu) :16-23. 
  2. Pappu, Shanti 2002. Excavations at the Palaeolithic Site of Attirampakkam, 2002, Avanam (journal of the Tamil Nadu Archaeological Society).
  3. Pappu, Shanti 1991-92. Robert Bruce Foote and the Formation Processes of the Archaeological Record, Bulletin of the Deccan College Post-Graduate and Research Institute, Prof. S.M. Khatre Felicitation Volume, 51-52:647-65. 




International publication in newsletters:


  1. Shanti Pappu 2001. In the Footsteps of Foote: Recent Excavations in South India, Past, The Newsletter of the Prehistoric Society, University College, London, Vol. 37, April.


Conference proceedings as full papers:


(note: papers in international conference proceedings are underlined)


1.      Pappu, Shanti, Kumar Akhilesh, Sudha Ravindranathand Uday Raj 2009. A Forgotten Heritage: Impact Assessment Studies at Prehistoric Sites in Tamil Nadu, in Space, Time and Place, III International  Conference on Remote Sensing in Archaeology, 17-21 August, 2009, Tiruchirappalli, (Maurizio Forte, Stefano Campana and Claudia Liuzza Eds.), Oxford:BAR International Series 2118, pp. 253-263.


2.      Rajaguru, S.N., S.Pappu, S.G. Deo, and S. Mishra, 2009. Earth Sciences and the Lower Palaeolithic: Recent Research and Future Prospects, in Recent Research Trends in South Asian Archaeology (Paddayya, K., Joglekar, P.P., Basa, K.K. & Sawant, R.Eds.), Pune:Deccan College Postgraduate and Research Institute.


  1. Pappu, Shanti 2007.  Changing Trends in the Study of a Palaeolithic Site in India: A Century of Research at Attirampakkam, in ­The Evolution and History of Human Populations in South Asia, (M.D.Petraglia and B.Allchin Eds.), Inter-disciplinary Studies in Archaeology, Biological Anthropology, Linguistics and Genetics Series: Elsevier, pp. 121-137.
  2. Pappu, Shanti and Kumar Akhilesh 2007. Recent Research into the Palaeolithic Archaeology of Northern Tamil Nadu, in Human Origins, Genome and People of India, (A.R.Sankhyan and V.R.Rao Eds.).New Delhi:Allied Publishers, pp. 309-316.
  3. Pappu, Shanti and Kumar Akhilesh. 2006. Preliminary Observations on the Acheulian Assemblages from Attirampakkam, Tamil Nadu, in Axe Age. Acheulian Toolmaking from Quarry to Discard (Naama Goren-Inbar and Gonen Sharon Eds.). London: Equinox Publishing Ltd., pp. 155-180.
  4. Pappu, Shanti 2006. Prehistory in Tamil Nadu: The Need for Links and Communication, in Negotiations with the Past: Classical Tamil in Contemporary Tamil (M.Kannan and Carlos Mena Eds.). Pondichery: Institut francais de Pondichery, and Berkley, University of California, pp. 1-24.
  5. Pappu, Shanti 2004. Down ancient trails: hunter-gatherers in Indian archaeology, in Hunter-Gatherers in History, Archaeology and Anthropology, (Alan Barnard Ed.), New York:Berg, pp. 129-142.
  6. Pappu, Shanti 1994. Pleistocene Landforms and Artefact Contexts in the Kortallayar Basin, Tamil Nadu, Draft Papers: Neogene and Quaternary. Settlement and Technology. World Archaeology Congress-3. New Delhi.






Text or Reference Books:


i)                    Published by international publishers with an established peer review system:


  1. Pappu, Shanti 2001. A Re-examination of the Palaeolithic Archaeological Record of Northern Tamil Nadu, South India. Oxford: BAR-International Series 1003.




ii) Subject books by national level publishers/State and Central Govt. publications with


ISBN/ISSN Numbers:


    1. Pappu, Shanti. 2007. The Lower Palaeolithic Culture of India (online text-book commissioned by the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, CSIR, Government of India, for undergraduate students).submitted in 2006 (no further information available as whether this was later assigned an ISBN/ISSN number).


ii)                  Subject books by other local publishers with ISBN/ISSN Numbers:


1.      Pappu, Shanti. 2003. Stories in Stone: The Prehistory of Tamil Nadu, (IWA Endowment Lecture), Bulletin of the Government Museum, Chennai Madras Museum, New Series-General Section XVI-3. Chennai: Commissioner of Agriculture and Museums, Government Museum, Egmore.






Chapters contributed to edited knowledge based volumes published by international






1.      Pappu, Shanti. 2007. Geographic Overviews, Asia (South)/Asia, South: Palaeolithic Cultures of South India, in  The Encyclopedia of Archaeology, Elsevier.




Chapters in knowledge based volumes in Indian/National level publishers with


ISBN/ISSN Numbers:




  1. Shanti Pappu  2006. Ethnoarchaeological research in Indian prehistory, in Past and Present: Ethnoarchaeology in India, (Gautam Sengupta, Suchira Roychoudhury and Sujit Som Eds.). Pragati Publications, New Delhi, in collaboration with Centre for Archaeological Studies and Training Eastern India, pp.43-58.
  2. Pappu, Shanti 2005. Archaeological Research and the Community: An example from Tamil Nadu, in Professor A. Sundara Felicitation Volume, in press.
  3. Pappu, Shanti. 2004. Robert Bruce Foote and the Kortallayar Basin in Indian Prehistory: Old Problems and New Approaches, in Proceedings of the R.B. Foote Memorial National Seminar (1995) on Indian Prehistory and Protohistory (Recent Advances), (A. Sundara Ed.), pp. 45-67. Directorate of Archaeology and Museums, Government of Karnataka.
  4. Pappu, Shanti 2001. The Environment in Prehistoric Research: A Case Study from the Kortallayar Basin, Tamil Nadu, in People and Environment in India: Essays in Environmental Anthropology (K.K. Misra and M.L.K. Murty Eds.); pp.24-38. New Delhi: Discovery Publishing House.










  1. Workshop on Lithic Technology, Sophia-Antipolis, Valbonne, October 2nd-17th, 2001, France.
  2. National Workshop on Application of Computer Techniques in Archaeology, from June 1st to 28th, 1993 conducted by Sebastian Rahtz and Luca Bondioli at the Deccan College, Pune.
  3. Workshop on  ‘Late Quaternary Climatic and Coastal Changes’ conducted at the Andhra University, Visakhapatnam, 20-29th January, 1997.








1.      Organised a session in the theme ‘Communicating Archaeology’ (with M.Bezerra de Almeida): ‘Perspectives on the Past: Archaeology Beyond Academics’, at the World Archaeology Congress, WAC-6, Dublin, Ireland: 29th June-4th July, 2008.


2.      Prehistory and Palaeoenvironments at Attirampakkam, Tamil Nadu', organized a Discussion Meeting, August 28-29, 2006, Chennai (jointly with Dr. Kumar Akhilesh). Attended by members of the research team at Attirampakkam: Agharkar Research Institute, Pune; University of Pondicherry, French Institute, Pondicherry, University of Mangalore, Centre for Ecological Sciences, IISc., Bengaluru, Regional Remote Sensing Centre-South; University of Paris.


3.      Co-organiser of an exhibition on Sacred Groves, in association with the Children's Garden Higher Secondary School, Chennai and Indira Gandhi Rashtriya Manav Sangrahlaya (Museum of Mankind) Bhopal, August 6th-12th, 2005, at the Children's Garden Higher Secondary School, Chennai; with the aim of addressing children from rural and urban areas in and around Chennai (Total no. of participants were around 5000 children and teachers).


4.      Organized exhibition and interactive program entitled 'From Hunters to Hotels: The Archaeology of Food', for delegates of the JIVA-IAEVG International Conference (organized by Promise Foundation), 8-10th October, 2010.












1.        Lectures delivered on introducing prehistory for students and delegates at the workshop POLTRAIN, organized at the French Institute, Pondicherry, 7-10th December, 2010. (Multidisciplinary training program).


2.        IGBP PAGES PHAROS: January 27-29th, 2011. Land-cover reconstructions in the monsoon affected Tropical world - pollen modeling approach and data synthesis French Institute of Pondicherry, Puducherry, India, and presented a paper with Kumar Akhilesh.


  1. Pappu, S. and K. Akhilesh. 2011.Re-examining the Prehistoric Archaeology of the Southeast Coast of India, paper presented at the first annual conference of the Asian Institute of International Association for Asian Heritage-IAAH , March 2011, Sri Lanka.
  2. Pappu, S., Pappu, S., Kumar Akhilesh, S.Ravindrath, Uday Raj 2010. Re-examining Perspectives on microlithic industries and teri dunes of Southern India and Sri Lanka, delivered at the 3rd International Congress of the Society of South Asian Archaeology (SOSAA) held at University of Kelaniya, August 20-23, Sri Lanka.
  3. New Perspectives on the Acheulian at Attirampakkam' delivered at the Institut de Paleontologie humaine: 2-6th June, 2010; Paris: Les premiers peuplements prehistoriques sur les differents continents' organized by Professor Henry de Lumley.
  4. Kumar Akhilesh, Shanti Pappu, S.Ravindrath, Uday Raj 2010. 'Perspectives on the Acheulian of South India:Landscape evolution, Technology and Transitions', delivered at the Institut de Paleontologie humaine: 2-6th June, 2010; Paris: Les premiers peuplements prehistoriques sur les differents continents' organized by Professor Henry de Lumley.
  5. Pappu, Shanti, Kumar Akhilesh, Sudha Ravindranathand Uday Raj 2009. 'A Forgotten Heritage: Impact Assessment Studies at Prehistoric Sites in Tamil Nadu', paper presented at ‘Space, Time and Place 2009’, III International  Conference on Remote Sensing in Archaeology, 17-21 August, 2009. Thiruchirapalli.
  6. S.Pappu and K.Akhilesh. 2009. 'In the Footsteps of Foote: Prehistoric Landscapes of Southern India', paper presented at the Sir Paul E. Pieries Memorial Conference, Department of Asian Studies, University of Kelaniya, Sri Lanka 7th April, 2009.
  7. Pappu, Shanti, D.P. Shinde, K.Akhilesh, Y. Gunnell, G.Ganbavale, S.Ravindranath, Uday Raj and A.K. Singhvi. 2009. 'Luminescence Dating of Prehistoric Archaeological Sites and Quaternary Fluvial and Aeolian Deposits in Northern Tamil Nadu', South India, paper presented at the Second Asia-Pacific Conference on Luminescence and Electron Spin Resonance Dating, November 12-15, 2009, Physical Research Laboratory, Ahmedabad, India.    
  8. Kumar, Akhilesh and Shanti Pappu 2008. 'Perspectives on Archaeology from an Indian Village: Examples from Attirampakkam’; paper presented at the session Perspectives on the Past: Archaeology Beyond Academics’ in the section Communicating Archaeology (S.Pappu and M.Bezerra de Almeida organisers). World Archaeology Congress, WAC-6, Dublin, Ireland: 29th June-4th July, 2008.
  9. Pappu, S. and K.Akhilesh 2007. 'The Acheulian of the South-East Coast of India: Attirampakkam and Beyond', Paper presented at the conference on ‘Les Cultures A Bifaces Du Pleistocene Inferieur Et Moyen Dans Le Monde. Emergence Du Sens De L’Harmonie' Centre Europeen de Recherches Prehistoriques de Tauteval. Tautavel. 25-30th, June 2007.
  10. 1st International Congress of the Society of South Asian Archaeology (SOSAA), held in Mumbai University, Mumbai, 16-18th December, 2006 and presented a paper.
  11. Pappu, Shanti 2004. 'Negotiations with the Past: Classical Tamil in Contemporary Tamil, jointly organized by the Indology Department, French Institute of Pondicherry (IFP) and the Tamil Chair, Department of South and Southeast Asian Studies (SSEAS), University of California, Berkeley on Friday 30th  July 2004; and presented a paper ':"Archaeology in South India  The  need  for links and communication".
  12. Pappu, S., K. Akhilesh (SCHE) Sudha Ravindranath, Uday Raj, P.G. Dakar, C.B.S. Dust  2006. Slices Through Time and Space: Prehistoric Landscapes of Northern Tamil Nadu, South India’, "Human Evolution and Disease" Hyderabad during 7 - 9
    December 2006.    
  13. Pappu, S. and K.Akhilesh 2005. Paper presented at workshop on Acheulian Large Cutting Tools, conducted at the Institute for Advanced Studies, Institute for Archaeology, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, 2nd-9th July 2005.
  14. Pappu, S. and K.Akhilesh 2005. Paper presented at the International Symposium on Migration and Evolution of Early Humans in the Old World, at Bose, Guangxi Zhan Autonomous Region, China, December 5-9, 2005, hosted and sponsored by the Bose Government and Cultural office of Guangxi Zhan Autonomous Region, Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, Chinese Academy of Sciences and the National Museum of Natural History of the Smithsonian Institution.
  15. Pappu, S. 2003. International conference on hunter-gatherers: CHAGS-9, at Edinburgh, U.K., from Sep.8-12th 2003 and presented two papers.
  16. Pappu, S. 2003. Delivered talks at the conference EILQUEC & POLTRAN (Late Quaternary Environment Change: Emerging Issues) held at the Anna University, Chennai and the French Institute, Pondicherry (Feb 10th-15th 2003).
  17. Pappu, S. and K.Akhilesh 2003-2004. Presented posters and one lecture at the Earthwatch Annual Conference, November 2003 and 2004, Boston, USA.
  18. Pappu, S., Kumar Akhilesh, Y. Gunnell, M. Taieb, J-P Brugal Paper presented at PAGES and IGPC delegates, held at the Anna University, Chennai on Recent Excavations at Attirampakkam, Tamil Nadu.
  19. Pappu, S. 1996.The First Regional GEOSAS Workshop at Anna University, Chennai (Madras) in February 1996 and presented a paper.
  20. Pappu, S. 1998. IGCP (349-413) Workshop on Palaeoclimatic Records on Arid and Semi-Arid Regions During the Late Quaternary, held at the Deccan College Post-graduate and Research Institute, Pune; 8-11 December 1998.
  21. Pappu, S. 1994. The World Archaeology Congress-3, New Delhi, 1994 and presented a paper.










1.      15th Annual Seminar on 'Prehistory of South Asia', 26-28th November, 2010, Centre for Archaeological Studies and Training, Eastern India, Kolkata, and presented two papers on Reexamination of the Teri microlithic industries and on R.B.Foote.


2.      Annual Meeting of the Indian Society for Prehistoric and Quaternary Studies and Indian Archaeological Society at the following places: Allahabad, 2009, Lucknow, Bengaluru, Dec.15-18th, 2005, Tirupati, 2003, Cochin, 2002, Baroda, 2000, Pune, 1999, Srinagar, Garhwal, October 1997, New Delhi,  November, 1996,Gorakhpur, 4-7 November, 1995, Dharwar, 6-8 November, 1991 (attended only). Also attended meetings of the Indian Archaeological Society.


3.      Conference on Emerging Trends in the Study of Indian History and Archaeology, organised by the Department of History, School of Social Sciences & International Studies Pondicherry University, 14-15th March 2008, and presented a paper.


4.      The National Conference on the Environment and Indian History - January 11-12, 2008, C.P. Ramaswami Foundation, Chennai, and presented a paper.


5.      Workshop on RS & GIS Application in the field of Archaeologyorganized by Centre for Archaeological Studies & Training, Eastern India between 27th & 28th September, 2007and presented a paper.


6.      Indian Monsoon and Climate Variability during Holocene 17-18 May, 2004 (only attended).


7.      Workshop on Pastoralism and Reconstructing Identities organized by the Sontheimer Cultural Association; Pune 7-9 December1998 and presented a paper.


8.      National Symposium on GIS and Geological Remote Sensing (NAGRES -97)  at the Centre for Remote Sensing, Bharatidasan University, Tiruchirapalli from the 5-7th February, 1997 and presented a paper.






Local-University/College Level




1.      Lectures on prehistory and human evolution were delivered for students of Archaeology,  Centre for Extra Mural Studies, University of Mumbai, Mumbai, 2008, 2009, both in Mumbai and in Pune (when students visited the Sharma Centre for Heritage Education).


2.      A series of three lectures on Indian prehistory and community education was delivered at the Centre for Archaeological Studies, Eastern India, Kolkata (March 20th-26th, 2005).


3.      One lecture on excavations at Attirampakkam was delivered at the Department of Anthropology, University of Calcutta, March 24th, 2005.


4.      Lectures at the University of Chennai (2002), conference on South Indian Archaeology.


5.      Lectures at the C.P. Ramaswamy Aiyar Foundation, Chennai (2002)


6.      Lecture on Excavations at Attirampakkam, C.P. Ramasamy Foundation, Chennai, March 2002.


7.      Lecture on Prehistoric Archaeology of Tamil Nadu at the Government Museum, Chennai, March 2002.


8.      A series of 8 lectures on Indian Prehistory were delivered to the M.A and research students of the Department of Ancient Indian History, Culture and Archaeology, University of Madras on Indian Prehistory, in February 1995.


9.      One lecture was delivered to the M.A-II students of the Deccan College Post-Graduate and Research Institute, Pune, in 1992, on prehistoric sites in Tamil Nadu.






Invited Lectures (In Addition To Conferences): International




·         The Ancient India and Iran Trust, Cambridge, U.K., 2000, on excavations at Attirampakkam.


·         Lecture delivered on Indian Prehistory at the University of Southampton, U.K. in 2000.


·         Lecture delivered on occasion of receipt of Young Scientist award by the Earthwatch Institute, USA, 2003.










1.      2011. Hunters and Handaxes: Exploring Stone Age India, (NNMA commissioned book for children) in press.


2.      2007. The Shining Stones, Tulika publishers, Chennai (a children’s book on prehistory and excavations at Attirampakkam). Translated into Malayalam.


3.      New Light on Prehistoric Man in Tamil Nadu, The Hindu, Sunday, April 30th, 1995.


4.      Introducing Indian Archaeology, and other articles on


5.      Articles on the website








1.      Director, Excavations at the Paleolithic site of Attirampakkam, since 1999.


2.      Director, Explorations and Surveys in Tamil Nadu in the field of Prehistory and Quaternary Palaeoenvironments, (since 1999-ongoing).


3.      Experience in conducting independent field surveys in the Kortallaiyar river basin, Tamil Nadu, for prehistory and palaeoenvironmental studies during the course of Ph.D. dissertation.


4.      Experience in working at prehistoric sites in the Hunsgi-Baichbal basin, Karnataka, at the Upper Palaeolithic site of Mehtakhedi, (Madhya Pradesh), at the Middle Palaeolithic site of Samnapur, Madhya Pradesh, surveys in West Nimar district, Madhya Pradesh.


5.      Experience at working at the Neolithic ash-mound site of Budihal, Karnataka and at the Harappan site of Kuntasi, Gujarat.


6.      Visited prehistoric sites in the U.K., France, China and Israel and examined collections in universities and museums in France and Israel.








1.      The Prof. H.D Sankalia Memorial Gold Medal for standing first in the M.A. Examinations conducted at the Deccan College Post-Graduate and Research Institute, in 1991.


2.      The Justice Kashinath Trimbak Telang Prize for standing first in the M.A Examinations, in Archaeology, from the University of Pune, in 1991.


3.      The Prof. H.D. Sankalia Young Archaeologist Award for the paper presented at the XXII Annual Conference of the Indian Society for Prehistoric and Quaternary Research, held at Gorakhpur, 4-7 November 1995.


4.      The Earthwatch Institute, Young Scientist Award, 2003, of an amount of US $ 1200, a citation and features in the Earthwatch journals/web pages. 


5.      Other awards and prizes at school/undergraduate college levels; e.g. standing first in class, Ela Roy Memorial Prize for Art at La Martiniere for Girls, Kolkata, creative writing competitions in school/college.








1.      Established the Sharma Children's Museum (February 19th, 1999) the first children's museum for archaeology in India. This was set up under the Sharma Centre for Heritage Education, a non-profit public educational body aimed at promoting an awareness of Indian heritage among youth and in conducting independent research.


2.      Interest in generating creative products to teach archaeology to students, and for purposes of reference for teachers (primarily for under-privileged children) who do not have access to expensive teaching aids, and with offices in Chennai and Pune.


3.      Experience in delivering lectures for students/teachers and interested public on prehistoric archaeology and human evolution.


4.      Interest in the use of computers in archaeological research and in popularizing Indian Archaeology, in particular applications of GIS, satellite remote sensing and database development for archaeology.  Developed the web site Discover India Gallery (, and SERINDIAN ( (currently defunct); and now hosts


5.      Interest in ethnoarchaeology and experimental archaeology.


6.      Completed a degree in law (LL.B) with dissertation on cultural heritage laws of India, and registered advocate in Bar Council of Maharashtra.


7.      Interest in developing practical strategies for conservation and management of prehistoric sites in India and legal issues involved in implementing CRM policies in India.


8.      Experience in administration of institutions: Children's Garden School Society (Est.1937) and affiliated rural schools, where a major section of the children from underprivileged backgrounds are provided with free and subsidized school education, shelter, books, clothes, medical aid and further education/training.


9.      Interest in art, interior design and landscaping for academic institutions (schools, museums, etc.) landscaping), reading, music.




Languages read, written and spoken         




Read, Write & Speak: English, Hindi, Bengali (fluent), German, Tamil (basic)




Speak only:                   Telugu



Read and Speak:          Marathi, French (basic reading only for research purposes).